Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre - SPOT223

Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

Britzer Straße 5, Berlin
Liberation Route Europe

Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre

The Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre in Berlin’s Schöneweide district opened in 2006. It is attached to the Topography of Terror Foundation. Located on the historic site of a forced labour camp, it recalls the 26 million men and women who worked for the Nazi state as forced labourers during the Second World War.

The Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre in Schöneweide is located on the historic site of the forced labour camp “GBI Camp 75/76”, the only one of its kind to have survived largely intact. During the Second World War there were more than 3,000 collective accommodations for forced labourers scattered across the city of Berlin. The Schöneweide camp was constructed in the middle of a residential neighbourhood at the end of 1943. More than 400 Italian forced labourers, including military internees as well as civilian forced labourers from various countries, were housed here. In the final months of the war in 1945 two barracks also served as housing for female concentration camp inmates forced to work at the Pertrix battery factory.

The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on 23/24 April 1945. Until September 1945, the Red Army used some of the barracks as paper warehouses for the Soviet Military Administration. The GDR Vaccine Institute later moved into the six barracks that now belong to the Documentation Centre. The other barracks are still in private use today.

In the summer of 2006 the Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre opened on the grounds of the former camp, which has now been declared a protected historic monument. The permanent exhibition presents the history of forced labour as an omnipresent phenomenon in Nazi Germany. It shows the everyday lives of the men, women and children forcibly transported to Germany as labourers – at the camp, at work, in contact with Germans. It illustrates the extent to which the lives of forced labourers were shaped by the racist hierarchy of the Nazi regime.

For more information and the opening hours please visit: